A recent study from the OECD provides an overview of the social trends and policies in Italy and other OECD countries. The study, Society at a Glance 2011: OECD Social Indicators, includes a wide array of information on social issues that range from demography and family characteristics, employment and unemployment, poverty and inequality to social and health care expenditure, and trust and tolerance.
WOMEN AND WORK.
The report reveals that Italian women spend 3 hours and 40 minutes per day more on unpaid work such as cooking, cleaning, caring for children or other family members than Italian men, the greatest gender gap in the OECD after Mexico, Turkey and Portugal. On average, across the OECD, women spend 2.5 hours per day more than men on unpaid work.
ITALIANS IN THE HOME.
More data reveals that 59 percent of Italians cook or clean up each day, for an average of 1 hour and 39 minutes per day, compared to an OECD average of 1 hour and 24 minutes. The Italian figure is the fifth highest in the OECD, after Turkey, Portugal, Mexico and Japan.
Data reveals that fewer than 58 percent of working-aged Italians have jobs, which is lower than the OECD average (66 percent) and the fourth lowest rate in the OECD, partly because of women's low participation rate in the labour-force.
Italians have the second highest life expectancy in the OECD after Japan, at 81.5 years. The OECD average is 79.3.
An average of only 27 percent Italians had given money, volunteered their time or helped a stranger in the previous month, compared to an OECD average of 39 percent.