Few nations suffered more than Italy during World War II. Italians were killed by Allied troops, German soldiers, and other Italians. From 1940 into 1943, Italy was one of the Axis powers. Then, from 1943 through 1945, while Allied troops fought the Germans in Italy, the country was also ravaged by a civil war between anti-fascist partisans on one side and Germans and Italian fascists on the other. So perhaps it is not surprising that after 60 years, WW II and the nation’s subsequent civil war are still an important reality in the life of this country.