When news broke that a young Rom woman had tried to kidnap a newborn from a Naples home, citizens there reacted violently, lighting several gypsy shanty-towns on fire. Attacks on Rom camps elsewhere in Italy followed. The mayor of Prato, Marco Romagnoli, recently wrote to Interior minister Roberto Maroni to decry the illegal Chinese immigrants living and working in Prato. Italian police have also been working with Romanian police to weed out illegal immigrants who commit crimes. Across Italy, police have been mobilized to dismantle Rom encampments. Citizen outcry against crimes committed by foreign nationals, violence against ethnic minority groups, and civic action to address illegal immigration: all these are evidence of the rising tension between Italian citizens and foreigners. The question of how and when to punish foreign individuals who commit crimes has dominated much of Italian politics lately.